A Brief Background of Ireland

While the rest of the world says Ireland, in Irish it is pronounced Eire and in Ulster Scots, it is pronounced Airlann. This island is located in the North Atlantic Ocean and has a straight path to Great Britain by way of the North Channel, St. George’s channel, and the Irish sea.

This island is one of the two largest islands that are a part of the British Isles and it is the third largest island in Europe. However, compared to the rest of the world, it is only the twentieth largest island.

Interestingly enough, Ireland is separated politically into the Republic of Ireland, which is what is officially known as Ireland, and Northern Ireland. The Republic of Ireland covers around five-sixths of the island. In the meantime, Northern Ireland is under the control of the United Kingdom and is the northeast part of the island.

Back in 2011, the population of Ireland made it the second most populated island in Europe. Out of the entire population of Ireland as a whole, only 1.8 million are living in Northern Ireland while the remaining 4.6 million are living in the Republic of Ireland.

Most of Ireland is mountains along with several rivers that wind their way through it. The whole of Ireland is absolutely covered with lush vegetation thanks to the mild temperature climate that they experience.
Until the Middle Ages, there were thick woodlands that covered a great majority of the island. However, in 2013, only about eleven percent of woods covered the Irish mainland.

Out of all the mammals that were in Ireland, at least twenty-six are native to Ireland and still alive. But, because of the climate being an oceanic one, the winters of the regions rife with wildlife are not nearly as cold as some parts of the state experience due largely to where they are located. The summers are also cooler but the only downside is that there are clouds that cover the island almost constantly and rainfall is very abundant.

The settlement of Ireland can be dated back to 10,500 BC, which is about the time period that the first evidence of human involvement crops up.

In the first century, the pagan Gaelic Ireland first developed as a society before being Christianized in the fifth century. During the twelfth century the Normans invaded Ireland and England claimed Ireland in the name of their kingdom.

Surprisingly enough, England did not rule over all of Ireland until around the sixteenth and maybe even the seventeenth centuries during the Tudor conquests.

By 1690, there was a system put in place by the English, who were Protestant, that made it to where the Catholics were at a disadvantage, which made it so that the Protestants ruled over Ireland until sometime around the eighteenth century.

To learn more about Ireland check out www.newryjournal.co.uk

The Acts of Union occurred in 1801 and made Ireland part of the United Kingdom once and for all. There was a war that broke out around the beginning of the twentieth century for Ireland to have its independence, and this is when the island was split in half and the Irish Free State was created.

During the ‘60s all the way to the ‘90s, there was a lot of civil unrest that occurred in the Northern part of Ireland. Thankfully a political agreement was reached in 1998. However, in ‘73 the European Economic Community was joined by the Republic of Ireland, which caused Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom to follow.

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